A.1 CNS patterning

A.2 Neurogenesis and gliogenesis
A.2.a Stem cells: basic biology
A.2.b Cell lineage and cell fate specification
A.2.c Neuronal differentiation
A.2.d Glial differentiation
A.2.e Adult stem cells and adult neurogenesis

A.3 Development of neural systems
A.3.a Early neuronal activity
A.3.b Assembly of neural circuit
A.3.c Molecular and genetic specification of circuits and cell types
A.3.d Proliferation, migration and cell death
A.3.e Tissue morphogenesis
A.3.f Microglial and neuroimmune cells

A.4 Synaptogenesis and activity-dependent development
A.4.a Axon growth and guidance
A.4.b Dendrite growth and branching
A.4.c Synapse formation & pruning
A.4.d Activity-dependent growth and remodelling

A.5 Molecular signals and their receptors
A.5.a Neurotransmitters
A.5.b Neurotrophins and other growth factors
A.5.c Cytokines
A.5.d Morphogens and others

A.6 Environmental factors

A.7 Transplantation, regeneration and in vitro models
A.7.a Transplantation including pluripotent donor cells
A.7.b Regeneration including molecular reprogramming
A.7.c In vitro models including iPSCs and organoids

B.1 Cell excitability
B.1.a Intrinsic membrane properties
B.1.b Action potentials
B.1.c Nerve conduction

B.2 Ion channels
B.2.a Sodium channels
B.2.b Potassium channels
B.2.c Calcium channels
B.2.d Chloride channels
B.2.e TRP channels
B.2.f Other channels

B.3 Intracellular dynamics
B.3.a Signal transduction pathways
B.3.b Cytoskeleton and cell motility
B.3.c Metabolism
B.3.d Mitochondria
B.3.e RNA

B.4 Gene regulation
B.4.a Epigenetics
B.4.b Transcription and translation
B.4.c Transcriptomics and proteomics

B.5 Epigenetic mechanisms

B.6 Cell types
B.6.a Excitatory neuronal subtypes
B.6.b Inhibitory interneuron subtypes
B.6.c Astrocytes
B.6.d Oligodendrocyte lineage subtypes
B.6.e Microglia

B.7 Myelination

C.1 Synaptic transmission
C.1.a Presynaptic structures
C.1.b Neurotransmitter release mechanism
C.1.c Postsynaptic structures
C.1.d Electrical synapses and gap junctions
C.1.e Other

C.2 Neurotransmitters and their receptors
C.2.a Glutamate
C.2.b GABA and glycine
C.2.c Acetylcholine
C.2.d Monoamines
C.2.e Nitric oxide and other gases
C.2.f Opiates
C.2.g Neuropeptides
C.2.h Purines
C.2.i Endocannabinoids
C.2.j Other

C.3 Transporters
C.3.a Glutamate
C.3.b Inhibitory transmitters
C.3.c Monoamines
C.3.d Ion transporters
C.3.e Other

C.4 Synaptic integration
C.4.a Dendritic signal processing
C.4.b Dendritic spines
C.4.c Excitation/inhibition balance

C.5 Synaptic plasticity
C.5.a Short-term plasticity
C.5.b LTP/LTD: mechanisms, physiology and behaviour
C.5.c Homeostatic plasticity
C.5.d Structural plasticity
C.5.e Neuromodulators
C.5.f Other

C.6 Glia-neuron interactions
C.6.a Astrocyte-neuron interactions
C.6.b Microglia-neuron interactions
C.6.c Oligodendrocyte-neuron interactions
C.6.d Other

D.1 Chemical senses
D.1.a Olfaction
D.1.b Taste

D.2 Vestibular system
D.2.a Vestibular organ
D.2.b Brainstem nuclei

D.3 Auditory system
D.3.a Inner ear
D.3.b Subcortical pathways
D.3.c Auditory cortex

D.4 Vision
D.4.a Retina
D.4.b Subcortical pathways
D.4.c Visual cortex: V1 and higher areas
D.4.d Visual cognition
D.4.e Visuomotor processing

D.5 Tactile/somatosensory system
D.5.a Peripheral receptors
D.5.b Brainstem
D.5.c Thalamus and neocortex
D.5.d Whisker system

D.6 Association cortex

D.7 Multisensory integration

D.8 Pain
D.8.a Peripheral receptors
D.8.b Spinal cord processing
D.8.c Thalamic and cortical processing
D.8.d Chronic pain
D.8.e Somatic, muscle and visceral
D.8.f Pharmacological and non-pharmacological analgesia

D.9 Motor neurons and muscle

D.10 Motor control
D.10.a Spinal cord
D.10.b Brainstem
D.10.c Cerebellum
D.10.d Basal ganglia
D.10.e Motor Cortex

D.11 Motor Control
D.11.a Spinal cord
D.11.b Voluntary movements
D.11.c Eye movements

D.12 Brain-machine interface

E.1 Human and/or Animal studies
E.1.a Attention and perception
E.1.b Learning and long-term memory
E.1.c Navigation and spatial memory
E.1.d Fear and adversive learning and memory
E.1.e Appetitive and incentive learning and memory
E.1.f Reward and reinforcement
E.1.g Working memory
E.1.h Memory modulation, consolidation, and reconsolidation
E.1.i Decision making and reasoning
E.1.j Language and communication
E.1.k Motivation and emotion
E.1.l Associative, non-associative, and skill learning
E.1.m Cognitive development and ageing
E.1.n Social cognition and behaviour
E.1.o Neural circuit mechanisms
E.1.p Physiology and imaging
E.1.q Pharmacology
E.1.r Engrams

E.2 Neuroethology

F.1 Neuroendocrine
F.1.a Cellular signalling
F.1.b Sex differences
F.1.c Behavioural neuroendocrinology
F.1.d Neuroendocrine regulation of organ function and water balance
F.1.e Regulation of brain development

F.2 Neuronal control of organ function
F.2.a Cardiovascular regulation
F.2.b Respiratory regulation
F.2.c Thermoregulation
F.2.d Gastrointestinal and urogenital regulation
F.2.e Others

F.3 Neuroimmunology
F.3.a Immune system and ageing
F.3.b Inflammation and disease
F.3.c Humoral immunity and autoimmunity
F.3.d Cellular immunity
F.3.e Neuroimmunology and blood-brain barrier

F.4 Stress and the brain
F.4.a HPA axis
F.4.b Autonomic nervous system and brain function and behaviour
F.4.c Stress, and stress-modulated pathways
F.4.d Stress across life span
F.4.e Resilience, vulnerability, and individual differences

F.5 Regulation of food intake, nutrient and liquid homeostasis and body weight
F.5.a Feeding, drinking, foraging and other behaviours
F.5.b Melanocortin system and other central circuit mechanisms
F.5.c Peripheral nervous system mechanisms
F.5.d Neuronal control of energy storage and expenditure

F.6 Biological rhythms and sleep
F.6.a Clocks
F.6.b Sleep: molecular, cellular, and pharmacology
F.6.c Sleep: circuits, network activity, and behaviour

F.7 Brain vasculature
F.7.a Blood brain barrier
F.7.b Blood flow regulation
F.7.c Neurovascular unit
F.7.d Cerebrospinal fluid
F.7.e Circumventricular organs

F.8 Metabolism
F.8.a Brain metabolism and neural and synaptic function
F.8.b Brain metabolism and behaviour
F.8.c Peripheral metabolism and brain function and behaviour

F.9 Microbiome and brain function

G.1 Mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases
G.1.a Genetics and epigenetics
G.1.b Cellular stress
G.1.c Protein aggregation
G.1.d Immune mechanisms
G.1.e Autophagy
G.1.f Exosomes

G.2 Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias
G.2.a APP and Abeta
G.2.b Tau and other pathological proteins
G.2.c Molecular and cellular mechanisms
G.2.d Cognitive function, imaging and biomarkers
G.2.e Therapeutic strategies

G.3 Parkinson’s disease
G.3.a Molecular and cellular mechanisms
G.3.b Human studies and therapies
G.3.c Animal models

G.4 Huntington’s disease

G.5 Ataxias

G.6 Motor neuron diseases
G.6.a ALS and FTD spectrum disorders
G.6.b Motor neuron and neuromuscular diseases

G.7 Mitochondriopathies

G.8 Neuroinfectious diseases

G.9 Epilepsy

G.10 Ischemia
G.10.a Cellular and molecular mechanisms
G.10.b Inflammation, neuroprotection and tolerance

G.11 Peripheral nerve diseases
G.11.a Demyelinating
G.11.b Axonopathies
G.11.c Immune neuropathies

G.12 CNS autoimmune diseases
G12.a Multiple sclerosis and spectrum disorders
G12.b Encephalitis
G12.c Paraneoplastic diseases

G.13 Trauma
G.13.a Brain
G.13.b Spinal cord injury and regeneration
G.13.c Peripheral nerve

G.14 Neuro-oncology

G.15 Developmental disorders
G.15.a Autism spectrum disorders
G.15.b Intellectual disability
G.15.c Motor disorders
G.15.d Schizophrenia
G.15.e Other

G.16 Mental Health
G.16.a Schizophrenia
G.16.b Affective Disorders
G.16.c Anxiety and Fear based disorders
G.16.d Addiction, Compulsive disorders and Drugs of Abuse

G.17 Lifestyle and environmental factors

G.18 Neuro-glia interactions

H.1 Neural circuit motifs
H.1.a Recurrent excitation
H.1.b Feedforward/feedback inhibition
H.1.c Disinhibition
H.1.d Lateral inhibition
H.1.e Other

H.2 Population coding
H.2.a Stimulus representation
H.2.b State space trajectories
H.2.c Neural attractors
H.2.d Long-range interactions
H.2.e Machine learning methods
H.2.f Massive data acquisition and data analysis

H.3 Oscillations
H.3.a Rhythm and pattern generating circuits
H.3.b High-frequency oscillations
H.3.c Slow oscillations
H.3.d EEG recordings
H.3.e Long-range interactions
H.3.f Other

H.4 Synchronisation
H.4.a Short-range interactions
H.4.b Long-range interactions
H.4.c Function and mechanisms

I.1 Data analysis
I.1.a Single-cell modelling
I.1.b Neural network models
I.1.c Development, axonal patterning, and guidance
I.1.d Brain connectivity
I.1.e Sensorimotor control
I.1.f Learning and memory
I.1.g Social cognition and behaviour
I.1.h Decision making
I.1.i Consciousness
I.1.j Computational clinical neuroscience
I.1.k Neuro-robotics
I.1.l Deep and machine learning

I.2 Data driven modelling
I.2.a Single-cell modelling
I.2.b Neural network models
I.2.c Development, axonal patterning, and guidance
I.2.d Brain connectivity
I.2.e Sensorimotor control
I.2.f Learning and memory
I.2.h Social cognition and behaviour
I.2.i Decision making
I.2.j Consciousness
I.2.j Computational clinical neuroscience
I.2.k Neuro-robotics
I.2.l Deep and machine learning

I.3 Conceptual modelling and pure theory
I.3.a Single-cell modelling
I.3.b Neural network models
I.3.c Development, axonal patterning, and guidance
I.3.d Brain connectivity
I.3.e Sensorimotor control
I.3.f Learning and memory
I.3.g Social cognition and behaviour
I.3.h Decision making
I.3.i Consciousness
I.3.j Computational clinical neuroscience
I.3.k Neuro-robotics
I.3.l Deep and machine learning

J.1 Molecular and genetic techniques
J.1.a CRISPR/Cas9 system
J.1.b Viral vectors
J.1.c Transcriptomics and proteomics
J.1.d Single-cell techniques
J.1.e Induced pluripotent stem cells and organoids
J.1.f Other

J.2 Anatomy
J.2.a Clearing and staining methods
J.2.b Tracing methods
J.2.c Connectomics
J.2.d Other

J.3 Electrophysiology
J.3.a Multi-electrode recordings, arrays and silicon probes
J.3.b Neuron-chip interfaces
J.3.c EEG
J.3.d Other

J.4 Imaging methods
J.4.a fMRI and PET
J.4.b MR spectroscopy
J.4.c Ultrasound
J.4.d Molecular probes
J.4.e Light microscopy
J.4.f Electron microscopy
J.4.g Other

J.5 Intervention methods
J.5.a Electrical stimulation
J.5.b Pharmacology, nanoparticles and delivery systems
J.5.c Optogenetics and chemogenetics
J.5.d TMS and tDCS
J.5.e Gene therapy
J.5.f Other

J.6 Neuromorphic engineering
J.7 Animal behaviour
J.8 Data analysis and software tools

K.1 Data management

K.2 History of neuroscience

K.3 Ethical issues

K.4 Public outreach

K.5 Sustainability in Science

K.6 Diversity, equity and inclusion